Habsburg neu Denken: Vielfalt u. We are accustomed to thinking of science and its findings as universal. Cohen, Berghahn, Oxford—New York, 2014 Austrian and Habsburg Studies 17 , ss. Concurrently, academic mobility increasingly extended beyond the boundaries of the Habsburg Monarchy, and non-Habsburg scholars were appointed to chairs from 1848, comprising at times more than a quarter of the lecturers at individual universities. . Among the subjects discussed are the origins of the planetary system, the relation of natural science to science in general, the aims and progress of the physical sciences, the problems of perception, and academic freedom in German universities.
History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders. Epidemics challenge the social, ethnic, cultural or national cohesion of a society. Jak bardzo imperialna jest nauka reprezentantów nacji dominujących i niedominujących? Feichtinger 'National Agreement' as Culture and Practice: The Geological Survey in Vienna and the Habsburg Empire 1849-1867 ; M. Our fresh approach to global intellectual history demonstrates that positivism was no ready-made message recycled across the globe: initially grafted in response to the local problems of English and French societies, positivism was deracinated, tweaked, and adjusted while being re-elaborated by activists from Rio de Janeiro and Bengal, Istanbul and Vienna. Journal of Central European History.
Kraków: Historia Iagellonica, 2010, s. Second, we want to investigate different theoretical concepts and practical methods that originated in the region and uncover biographies of these concepts and methods, whether local or transnational. One of its component kingdoms or principalities? What are the obstacles for writing histories of science done beyond metropoles? Following a summary of various scholarly discussions of this issue, attention shifts to Prague. Post - colonial Perspectives on Habsburg Galicia. . I argue that postcolonial tools and categories do more harm than good when used uncritically for entangled spaces such as continental empires, where categories of othering were fluid and mostly still composed in the nationalist discourse.
. Furthermore, Hungarian liberalism did not simply provide the milieu for these disciplines to flourish, but was itself partly the result of these disciplines' attempts to formulate the very concepts of ethnicity and race. The diary of the sailor and ice pilot Björvik, supplemented by the diary of Dr. Peripheral cultures have been largely absent from the European canon of historiography. . Fluid transitions between hegemonic and subaltern and the consequences thereof are but one of several aspects which can be highlighted through application of postcolonial approach.
The short catalogue of language elements used to produce national differentiation closes this contribution. . The 2016 Annual Convention of the Leibniz Graduate School at the Herder Institute for Historical. A pioneer of physiology and physics, he was also deeply concerned with the implications of science for philosophy and culture. Z jakimi problemami konfrontują się historycy nauki piszący o tym regionie? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 272pp, £50. At the core of the book lies a comparative analysis of the life-work of five prominent scholars: Joachim Lelewel Polish ; Simonas Daukantas Lithuanian ; František Palacký Czech ; Mihály Horváth Hungarian and Mihail Kogalniceanu Romanian. While these studies primarily focus on the period before 1945, the example of the Spanish site Atapuerca demonstrates that the strong link between hominid fossils and national identity still exists in the twenty-first century.
This volume examines interactions between emerging national cultures and cultural institutions, on the one hand, and cultures of science and scholarship, on the other hand, in this region. Sumillera, Jan Surman, Ekaterina Smirnova Hrsg. Рецензія на книги: Henryk Marek Słoczyński: Światło w dziejarskiej ciemnicy: koncepcja dziejów i. This nationalization process was highly complex and contradictory. What is special about sciences in Central and Eastern Europe? Surman Science and its Publics. I will look at both the West and the East of the Empire trying to overcome the post-imperial national narrative and argue that albeit multilingual, Habsburg period much less multicultural than post-imperial writings made it.
. Co wyróżnia nauki w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej? We understand such projects as political epistemologies — theories of knowledge, that are preconditioned by political convictions. The paper argues that the pluralistic, cultural and strongly integrative ethnographic tradition that prevailed in Hungary in the last decades of the nineteenth century did not notably wane and shift towards a biological, hierarchical and racialist thinking by the end of the First World War. Furthermore, issues of go-betweens as actors of bringing different worlds together are discussed. This dissertation begins to fill this gap by looking more closely at partly unpublished sources, like diaries and ship journals, but also previously published and sometimes less known sources. Drawing on archives in Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Ukraine, Surman analyzes the careers of several thousand scholars from the faculties of philosophy and medicine of a number of Habsburg universities, thus covering various moments in the history of the Empire for the widest view.
From the reception of Darwin in the land of the Maori to the giraffe that walked from Marseilles to Paris, Livingstone shows that place does matter, even in the world of science. David Cahan has selected fifteen of these lectures, which reflect the wide range of topics of crucial importance to Helmholtz and his audiences. However, most of them positioned their projects at transdisciplinary junctures. Czym jest i po co epistemologia historyczna? Радикальные националисты типа Поповичи или Режи отвергали такой либеральный национальный дискурс мирного сосуществования в рамках венгерского государства, противопоставляя ему жесткий расовый социальный дарвинизм, оказавшийся востребованным в ходе поствоенного урегулирования. Language is the most essential medium of scientific activity. Anthropologists successfully argued that their discipline addressed these issues more productivelyâand more accessiblyâthan humanistic studies. Interlinked at first by politics and the common use of the German language for scientific and scholarly communication, Central Europe became in the nineteenth century the site of a scientific system in which a free flow of ideas and to a certain degree of people enabled scientific relations to flourish.
Their reactions to anti-Jewish and anti-Slavic positions among the dominant racial theories of their time shines light on the tensions which were present within the academic community, as well as on the tensions that appeared between their own semi- professional status, self-perception and their group identities. Palló Acts of Creation: The Eötvös Family and the Rise of Science Education in Hungary; T. Or, from the point of view of their patrons, how could science be used to promote unity and develop culture and identity? Each making attempts in their own way, they aimed at reversing what they perceived as aberrations of racial theories while persistently remaining within this discourse. Prague was a center of Jewish historical writing before the birth of Wissenschaft, and the historical narratives of three distinct Bohemian maskilim, Peter Beer 1758—1838 , Salomo Lwisohn 1789—1821 , and Marcus Fischer 1788—1858 are shown to illustrate the options available to Jewish historians before institutionalized German historicism came to dominate the field. Автор подробно анализирует опыт трех научных проектов: финансировавшееся Венской антропологической ассоциацией исследование венского этнографа еврейского происхождения Ф. They predicated political governance on their refashioned science of society, and as political activists, they sought and often failed to reconcile their universalism with the values of multiculturalism.
Disclaimer: This database is an integral part of Jan Surman, Habsburg Universities 1848-1918. Providing a genealogy of scientific governance that is sorely needed in an age of post-truth politics, this volume breaks new ground in the fields of intellectual and global history, the history of science, and philosophy. Language as a Scientific Tool: Shaping Scientific Language Across Time and National Traditions. Василь Расевич 22 жовтня 2013 р. Podczas gdy koncept wielokulturowości był w ostatnim czasie obiektem mocnej krytyki, szczególnie ze strony polityki, recenzowana książka obiera inną pozycję, analizując i historyzując go. . East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century.