The example illustrates how a shared underst¿nding of a resource, coupled with a rigorous framework to consider its dynamics, leads to better decisions and sustainable outcomes. These maps were converted into mathematical models and were used to assess the impact of a total of 102 suggested management options for the four river basins. Cette narration médite sur le développement et la recherche forestière dans ce pays, leurs succès et échecs, et offre des leçons de gestion forestière dans un pays en voie de développement possédant un secteur de foresterie moderne et une ressource de forêt indigène ayant le potentiel d'améliorer les revenus, mais possédant également des vulnérabilités intrinsèques conduisant à sa dégradation. A number of attributes were known to influence fodder quality. Distances between actors diminish; policy makers get more involved; people become more knowledgeable on legal and policy matters and want to influence them or make better use of them; joint practice and understanding of water issues go hand in hand; scales of intervention are combined. Hence, the internal learning and systematization has fed also the adaptive project management. Application of participatory democracy theory to public participation in public land planning, while widely advocated, has not been closely examined.
Study focus: The aim of the study is to yield policy relevant results to improve the status of the water resources and food products and to reduce possible user conflicts. It introduces both the theory and practice of participatory modelling using everyday language and a variety of accessible and successful examples. A number of lessons about idealisation are also identified: 1 sometimes it is only possible to recognise what is key by omitting it; 2 an effective idealisation is not just achieved by leaving things out, or adding them back in; it can also be achieved by restructuring the representation; 3 it is important challenge the use of different units where consistency is possible; 4 it is easier to keep a simple model simple, than to make simple modifications to a large model. It explains in a step-by-step manner how to use a process of 'participatory modelling' to structure people's learning, their understanding of the natural systems they depend upon and how this can lead to better social and environmental outcomes. This case study highlights hoJv participatory modelling can inform communal decisions about shared rights to avoid 'the tiågedy of the commons'. Thus for many participatory models, success means being momentarily inspirational in the search for solutions, tather than being a permanent monument to a static concePt. The resulting model is not an endpoint, but a disposable'stepping stone'in developing the confidence needed for communities to t¿ke action.
The ideas and experiences gained can be used in many cases of community natural resource management. Prominent examples are the social safe guards included in global conventions and the human rights-based rulings of international courts. The result is a practical, useful and accessible guide for practicing real, successful community-based natural resource management anywhere, in any circumstances, for community prosperity. The authors illustrate their arguments with a multiplicity of case studies, frequent use of day-to-day simple stories, popular quotes and extracts of poems. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
These are early results, but a wide range of recent research supports Colfer's belief that these new capabilities will eventually contribute to higher incomes and to sustainable improvements in the health of forests and forest peoples. This still remains a great challenge in tactical and didactical terms. There are three ways to limit complication in a model of a complex real-world: byfocussing the scope of the modelling process onto a clearly defined issue; byidealising elements of the real-world during model conceptualisation; and bysimplifying the implemented simulation program. In that perspective it is essential that the complex issue of climate change is made transparent, understandable and meaningful. A related central challenge in this perspective will be to stimulate in the coming years, a fruitful debate and clarity on water governance and conflict management in a context of growing water scarcity due to the effects of climate change and other stressors. The resulting model is not an endpoint, but a disposable 'stepping stone' in the developing this confidence.
Participatory modelling is one of several techniques that can help communities to share and test idèas, and to agree on the 'best bet' for improving livelihoods of individuals and communities. Progress towards a better triple bottom line often depends on having the confidence to take action, and modelling is one of several techniques that can help to build this confidence. Although uncertainty is inherent in both input data and the services that are mapped, this is rarely acknowledged, quantified or presented. With declining forest resources, farmers are increasingly relying on establishing on-farm tree fodder resources. Key areas for future development are 1 maps at scales and resolutions that connect field scale management options to local landscape impacts; 2 mapping flows, and defining landscape boundaries, that include complete pathways, from source to reception; 3 calculating and presenting information on synergies and trade-offs amongst services; and 4 incorporating stakeholder knowledge and perspectives in the generation and interpretation of maps to bound and communicate uncertainty and improve their legitimacy. Contents: Bringing shared visions to life -- Diverse interests and common problems -- Shared visions -- Explicit visions -- Substantive visions -- Exploring alternatives -- Into the future. With issues including those raised by climate change and increasing rural and urban land use intensification Holman et al.
Dealing with many barriers to effective adaptation will require a comprehensive and dynamic policy approach covering a range of scales and issues. Most approaches focused on a bounded watershed or administrative unit, with little attention to landscape evolution, or to the definition of system boundaries that encompass flows from source to reception for different services. In each river basin, stakeholders expressed their views on challenges in their river basins, as well as options to tackle these challenges. It introduces both the theory and practice of participatory modelling using everyday language and a variety of accessible and successful examples. This will become an increasingly important issue in light of viable and robust adaptation plans to be made in the three sites in the course of 2014-2015. Climate change is expected to reduce water availability in the Mediterranean region and water management needs to adapt to future conditions.
With issues including those raised by climate change and increasing rural and urban land use intensification Holman et al. But therefore it is also important to look out of the EcoAdapt box and combine internal reflection with relevant literature and other cases, in order to get more out of the empirical data and process. One of the lessons learned is the importance of combining tangibles and intangibles in water management to motivate participation of the local actors and enable their learning, organization and governance towards the desired change. The E-mail message field is required. New hydrological insights for the region.
Results demonstrate the importance of model outputs that are diagnostic, and which offer insights into the issues under consideration. Furthermore, conflicts between the concept of shared decision- making authority and the public land management agencies' accountability to Congress, the President, and the courts need further consideration. These were: leaf texture; leaf maturity; leaf bitterness; fodder toxicity; season; and the management regimes applied to the fodder tree. The issues the project deals with are also complex and demanding. The authors illustrate their arguments with a multiplicity of case studies, frequent use of day-to-day simple stories, popular quotes and extracts of poems.
Windbreaks and shelterbelts albeit at a limited spatial scale on the landscape also contribute to the soil organic C pool. Similarly, it is easier to generate insights with a simple concept for a sub-model than with a simple modification to an existing model; and 5 even the most useful idealisations may have a limited shelf-life. The book is for communities and professional natural resources managers who want to use this powerful tool to help people share visions of the future they want and to take appropriate, immediate action to turn them into reality. It explains in a step-by-step manner how to use a process of 'participatory modelling' to structure people's learning, their understanding of the natural systems they depend upon and how this can lead to better social and environmental outcomes. It is easy to follow and accessible to all kinds of readers yet well informed and fully referenced. Responsibility: Jerry Vanclay, Ravi Prabhu, and Fergus Sinclair.
Close observation shows that the prime mover of action by the local actors has not been so much climate change adaptation but securing clean water in sufficient quality and quantity or satisfying other felt local needs and aspirations. The research responds to the unprecedented emergence of global environmental norms intended to reconcile natural resource management with poverty alleviation. With the knowledge and information that is now emerging, the role of agro-forest and plantations in mitigation is becoming more and more important. It introduces both the theory and practice of participatory modelling using everyday language and a variety of accessible and successful examples. A next central priority will be to incorporate, intelligently and tactically, the planned scenarios and measures of climate change adaptation within the activities and processes already in march in the three sites and organized around perceived local needs and opportunities, while at the same time doing the inverse - insert the ongoing activities in a broader framework. It is easy to follow and accessible to all kinds of readers yet well informed and fully referenced.