Costs and benefits should be balanced. If a site is located in a marine park, a nature reserve or an otherwise reserved area, this should also be mentioned. Such policies will all have their specific targets, which the management plan for an individual site can help to meet. The site remains very well preserved and seems to be under good care by the National Museum, with good maintenance, cleaning and visitor pathways. At the heart of such an approach lies a crucial relationship between the activity of preserving historic places and of promoting understanding of their significance. The reasons for this support are that a sound preservation program must be based on a survey, an historic preservation ordinance and plan, and economic and technical assistance in coordination with other community policies and ordinances. It can be included in the patrol routes of government vessels, whose primary functions are navigation safety or border control, or in operational permits for recreational diving schools and tour operators on the condition that they keep a close watch.
Integration with policies of regional development, public order, navigation safety or border control, and involving the leisure industry in the plan, can show that proper management does not have to be expensive. This was very positive for the project. They can relate to archaeological interventions, commercial exploitation, development pressure, climate change, natural disasters, tourism, and population development, among many others. In the formulation of its objectives, it will benefit from developing a vision for the future in a longer perspective. Managing Historic Sites and Buildings looks at the choices and tensions that exist in the conservation and interpretation of sites of heritage.
A management plan aims at balancing threats and opportunities, and aims to ensure that threats become opportunities. The plan itself may contain the objective to facilitate access or to implement access restrictions. However, management is certainly more than preservation as such. Inherited from European planning systems, management boundaries do usually collide with heritage dimensions and eco-cosmological systems, especially in Asia. Other parts, such as basic research and monitoring, will need dedicated budget and staff from other sources. The masterplan should be accompanied by a catalogue of measures and a time schedule listing interventions and monitoring times to guarantee follow up. If done well, it will not only produce cultural benefits in the long-term but also financial benefits.
A site management plan should contain the definition of the site, the administrative details, the relevant organizational structure of who is responsible for what, and most importantly, a discussion of the site, including an assessment of its significance, a report on its status, its potential and any relevant threats and opportunities. Lamu Old Town and Gede National Monument a two major sites where hope for African heritage is still strong and beckons the world to come and experience. To achieve the full integration of preservation and planning practice, the American Planning Association and its chapters believe planners must assume greater responsibility to use the range of preservation techniques and options. This is not the same as preservation, as sustainability implies the economic balancing of costs and benefits for society. It is bound to change and will absorb new information as this becomes available.
Or, it can be agreed to have coordination meetings at regular intervals, during which the realization of the plan is evaluated on the basis of monitoring reports and during which the contribution of all partners is critically assessed. Almost all countries uphold a set of principles and laws for the preservation and professional management of archaeological remains. It can take different forms, targeting specific issues, measuring specific parameters of change or reacting to specific events. In this way, information gathered will be made available, understandable and of use for all researchers and policy makers, regardless of their location. Like Lamu today, Gede was abandoned due to poor water management and even the deepest of wells could not reach the water table after it was depleted. The process of implementation and relationships between stakeholders are described and summarised in diagrams.
Due to the often very international significance of underwater cultural heritage, such possibilities are of great value for common understanding. A standardized format can be used as a checklist, both in drafting an individual management plan and for the cumulative inventory of which it is a part. It defines what should and should not happen in the future, taking account of possible future contingencies. Planners conduct these activities as part of a comprehensive planning framework that combines the benefits of preservation with other community planning objectives. Starting from the position that the fundamental purpose of the whole process is to communicate understanding about the human past, these essays examine how far the ideologies, strategies, tactics and techniques of preservation and presentation are mutually supportive. Complete, permanent site protection and management in situ is therefore not always the preferred or best option for a number of different reasons.
This introductory chapter explores how cultural heritage, in the guise of tourism, museums, ethnic identity, and historical spaces, has become key to the Chinese state's developmental and global strategy. Entire historic homes have been disassembled and sold off for their rare carved doors, windows and interiors. The state of heritage preservation can be characterized as down trodden, with some glimmers of hope where collaborative work by local communities have rallied funding, enforced better protection, and shown potential for sustainable development of heritage in Africa. In the process, the meaning and scope of this concept has steadily expanded far beyond monumental and historical built space. Coastguards can become a supportive element as well, especially for notifying relevant authorities regarding suspicious ships or boats around sites. In addition, the social meanings of heritage allow all potential stakeholder groups to negotiate with the heritage bureaucracy, as well as strengthening the role of local interests in heritage policy.
It is important to remember that one of the functions of remains of the past, however, is that they offer the source material for writing and rewriting history. In other words, specific responsibilities can be agreed upon in the context of the specific management plan, for the purpose of its objectives. A management plan is always formulated on the basis of preliminary research. Other strategies and policies, however, such as culture in development, urban and regional planning, recreation and tourism are at stake as well. Finally, the inscription criteria, the date and a brief description, which are provided by the World Heritage Centre, indicate the main characteristics of the property. This study investigated regional variability of human behavioral adaptation to changing environments during the Late Pleistocene.